Having declared that God is light, the author sets the direction of his exhortation. In order to have fellowship with God, we must walk in the light and receive the atonement of Jesus Christ. This section further teaches us that keeping God’s commandments is the way to remain in fellowship with God.
Did You Know...?
1. Little children (2:12, 13): “In verse 1
2. World (2:15): “The Greek translated ‘world’ is kosmos, an ordered system (opposite of chaos).” [ref]
What are the three false claims that John discusses in this section?Hide Answer
How can we truly know God?Hide Answer
Keep God’s word (5), walk in His likeness (6), and love our brothers (10). Knowing God is not simply come from intellectual exercise or discussion. Most importantly, it comes from living out God’s image in our lives.
How can we overcome the wicked one?Hide Answer
We must walk in the light by obeying God’s commands and loving our brothers (5,10,17). We need to be strong and let God’s word abide in us (14).
How is God’s love perfected in those who keep God’s word?Hide Answer
The word “perfected” can also be translated as “made complete” or “fulfilled.” The perfecting of God’s love does not mean that God’s love is somehow imperfect. It means allowing God’s love to live in us fully. Because the spirit of God’s commandments is love, if we keep God’s word, we allow God’s love to fill our hearts and overflow to others.
What are some ways you can walk as Jesus walked?(The answer is empty)Hide Answer
What is the commandment mentioned in verses 7 and 8?
Why is the commandment both old and new?
What does love and hatred have to do with light and darkness?Hide Answer
God is light, and He is love. Love is the concrete expression of God’s nature. If anyone has no love, he is far from God and has no part with the light. He is blinded and without direction (v. 11). He may even stumble because he walks in darkness (v. 10). Life without love is meaningless and under the control of the wicked one (cf. Jn 8:40-44).
How is this paragraph unique?Hide Answer
It is rhythmical, with a definite pattern and repetition. The forms of address “little children,” “fathers,” and “young men.” is also unique. We can see a change of tone here from one of warning to one of warmth and confidence.
What three things are again emphasized here?Hide Answer
Their sins are forgiven. They know God. They have overcome the wicked one.
What do you think is the purpose of this paragraph?Hide Answer
In this section, he addresses the true believers and assures them of their spiritual status and blessings. After exposing the false claims of those who live in darkness, he gives encouragement to those who are truly in fellowship with God.
Who is the wicked one? How have the believers overcome him?Hide Answer
The devil. Believers are able to overcome because Christ has overcome (Rev 17:14). They overcome by the blood of Christ and the word of their testimony (v. 12; Rev 12:11). In other words, those who believe in Christ, confess their sins, and obey God’s commandments are able to overcome the evil one. They do so not by their own power, but by God’s protection (5:18).
How can we let God’s word abide in us (v.14)?
What does it mean to love the world?
Why shouldn’t we love the world?
Explain each of these and think of some real-life examples: a. Lust of the flesh b. Lust of the eyes c. Pride of lifeHide Answer
a. Self-centered desires; Loving pleasure rather than loving God (
2Tim 3:4); Obeying the demands of our sinful nature rather than obeying God.
b. Desire for what is pleasing to the eye. Letting the eye go uncontrolled is most often the cause of greed and sexual immorality. E.g. Eve, Achan, David.
c. Boasting of one’s possessions or status. E.g. Paul (Phil 3:4-7).
What does it mean that the world and its lust are passing away?
What does this verse teach you about what is meaningful and valuable in life?(The answer is empty)Hide Answer